In 2020 and 2021, due to the epidemic, question marks were raised in front of the written examination that had been going on for centuries. The world of education was in complete confusion. However, we are coming out of this difficult phase and life before the pandemic is being restored. But it will take time to make up for the lack of education and it also needs the help of technology. Due to this, the importance of technology has come to the fore in making the education of children effective.
The progress of students in studies has come to a standstill due to many reasons such as lack of study material, resources and evaluation facilities. Even his life values and integrity were affected. When there was an uproar over the malpractices in the examinations, the concerns of the stakeholders of K-12 education increased. Today online exam business is worth lakhs but mostly it is used in higher education and corporate training. To take advantage of its full potential, the K-12 sector needs to adopt it as enthusiastically as higher education.
Although children have started going to school, but due to being digital and taking advantage of technology, a new era is starting in the education world. Technology has made us more efficient, secure and flexible. In such a fast online world, the method of evaluation of students’ learning should also change. Today we will focus on the progress being made in taking tests or assessments with the help of technology. We can divide assessment into five areas:
Schedule Preparation: The stress of exam preparation remains with the students as well as the parents. However, conducting the examination is no less challenging task for the teachers and school administrators as well. Work is manual and planning is very long. Because huge number of students, classes, teachers, places are involved and then holidays, course completion and time slots have to be ensured. Overall, it is very tedious work and it also takes a lot of time.
But if technology is used in the entire examination system, it is easy to plan and ensure timely examinations, because all the work is done online. This saves time and resources along with benefiting students and parents. It is more secure and does not contain malpractices. With the help of school academic calendar setup, teachers and school administrators can better manage revision plans for students by noting and tallying the required days for revision before exams. In this the need of each student can be kept in mind. In addition, calendar management allows all participants to automatically block dates and set alarms for each scheduled exam. In this way, along with the efficiency and success of the entire system, fairness also increases. Not only this, this system also gives the facility to prepare exams for all the standards in one step.
Question Paper Preparation: Usually the students or their parents rate the question paper as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ depending on how the question paper is set. In this, syllabus and topics have to be included objectively. There should be a balance between practical and theoretical aspects and it should properly assess the skill and knowledge of the student. In the new round of NEP 2020, it has been emphasized that the question paper has to focus on H.O.T (Higher Order Thinking Skills) as well as the overall development of the student.
With the help of technology today teachers and school administrators are able to create subject-specific question papers at the click of a button. A ‘Test Generator’ tool is available in the form of a huge database of questions. In this subject-wise, questions are included through randomization with in-depth research. It prepares multiple test papers on the same subject keeping in mind the difficulty level and variety. Do not repeat questions again and again. There is also a facility to control this.
Conduct of Examinations: After making the exam schedule, the biggest challenge of the teacher or school administrator is to organize the exams. Under this, planning of seating of students, issuing admit cards, providing necessary facilities for proper management of examination center and process, collecting and taking care of answer books and then uploading the scores of students within the stipulated time frame are included. Students, on the other hand, are required to pay the full fee, mark a mandatory level of attendance and complete certain formalities for their parents or guardians to appear in the examination. Automation in the planning of appearing in the examination has made the work of teachers and school administrators easier. School administration has become more capable to check and monitor school performance in real time.
There is a built-in check to detect short attendance or non-deposit of fees, which makes it easy to generate admit cards. Teachers upload test results to the mobile app within minutes. This is an example of time and energy savings. They are not required to prepare paper marksheet. In the case of online examination/evaluation, it is also known that how much time the students spent on a question. This data is helpful in understanding the common problems faced by the students.
Publication of Results: Publication of exam results is another important job of the school administrators and it consumes a lot of time. It has to be kept in mind that the children must obtain passing grades in all subjects and there should be no default in fee payment. But the process becomes more complicated when the question arises of selection of students who have scored the highest marks in two of the three subjects, average marks in mid-term examinations or assessment of rank or merit.
Today school administrators simply choose the year through technology and the system automatically generates report cards for all the students in the school. In this way, the administration can easily stop the report card of the child whose fee has not been paid. If the data is strong, then this system is much more efficient than the earlier one, which required separate report cards for each student. In this way, a lot of time is saved for the administrators and they get time to focus on other things.
Analytics: Today’s report card contains a combination of marks of each subject, which also includes the hobbies of the students and the brief views of the teacher towards them. If some data on student’s progress, interest, hobby, development, various aspects of behavior etc. are displayed in the report card, then their importance will increase a lot. However, for this, the school will have to record and protect the data of each student.
It is also easy if we take advantage of technology capable of in-depth analysis and assessment of student performance. The school can use the modern examination system to compare student performance in examinations, analyze trends and behaviours, and suggest improvements through various ed-tech tools. Automated reports for teachers and class performance can also be easily generated.
Finally, there is solid evidence today that many benefits of education technology can be reaped in examination management. The dependence of the whole world on online systems is increasing. In such a situation, it would be appropriate that the evaluation of the learning of the students should be in view of this trend. Though the present examination process has its own advantages but the incorporation of technology in it can make it more efficient and effective.
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